Georgian politics

Twenty Years of Neighborhood

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Timeline of Major Events in Georgia’s Relationship with Azerbaijan, Armenia and Turkey

16 December

Turkey recognizes independence of Georgia.

 

1992

21 May

Diplomatic ties established between Turkey and Georgia.

17 June

Diplomatic ties established between Armenia and Georgia.

30 June

Turkish Prime Minister Süleyman Demirel pays first official visit to Georgia. Number of agreements, including agreement on friendship and cooperation in transportation, trade and economic spheres, signed.

18 November

Diplomatic ties established between Azerbaijan and Georgia.

 

1993

February

Governments of Azerbaijan and Georgia sign agreement on cooperation. Georgia assumes obligation not to re-export Azeri gas and oil to Armenia.

 

1996

9 March

Azerbaijani President Heydar Aliyev pays his first visit to Georgia. Agreement on strengthening friendship, cooperation and security between two countries signed. Agreement on construction of Baku-Supsa oil pipeline also signed.

8 June

Armenian President Levan Ter-Petrosyan pays his first visit to Georgia. Presidents of both countries arrive in Samtskhe-Javakheti Region.

 

17 April

Presidents of Azerbaijan, Georgia and Ukraine conduct festive inauguration of Baku-Supsa oil pipeline and Supsa oil terminal.

18 November

Presidents of Georgia, Azerbaijan and Turkey meet in Istanbul to sign joint agreement on construction of Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline.

 

30 September Azerbaijani President Heydar Aliyev and Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze agree on construction of Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum gas pipeline.

24 October

Georgian and Armenian President meet in Yerevan to sign agreement on friendship, cooperation and security between the countries. Eduard Shevardnadze and Robert Kocharyan pledge not to act against each other’s interests.

 

2003

27 June

On visit to Georgia, Armenian President Robert Kocharyan raises issue of restoration of railway line via Abkhazia.

 

2004

4 March

Newly elected Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili pays his first official visit to Baku. Leaders of both countries condemn separatism, underline strategic partnership of two countries and express readiness to deepen cooperation.

 

14 April

Students stage rally in Yerevan, demanding protection of rights of ethnic Armenians in Samtskhe-Javakheti.

28 April

Armenian Speaker of Parliament Artur Baghdasarian and Catholicos-Patriarch of All Georgia Ilia II meet in Tbilisi and agree to set up joint commission to study disputable issues between Georgian and Armenian Churches.

25 May

Opening ceremony of Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline held in Baku. Presidents of Azerbaijani, Georgian and Turkey mark occasion by signing joint declaration on construction of Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway track.

31 August

Armenian Foreign Minister Vartan Oskanian brands Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway project “economically unjustified” and pledges that Armenia will employ all possible means to frustrate implementation of project.

 

4 February

Turkey abolishes visa regime for Georgian citizens for stays of up to ninety days.

6 February

Decision of Holy Synod of Georgian Orthodox Church to reinstate Agarak-Tashir eparchy on territory of Armenia sparks protest by Armenian Church.

7-9 February Presidents of Georgia, Azerbaijan and Turkey meet in Tbilisi to sign agreement on construction of Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway track. Memorial to Azerbaijani President Heydar Aliyev held in Tbilisi. Presidents of three countries open new terminal of Tbilisi international airport built with Turkish company TAV-Urban investment.

8 July

Russia closes Zemo Larsi border checkpoint on premises of repair. Armenian Foreign Minister proclaims reopening of checkpoint of vital importance to Georgia.

13 July

Festive opening ceremony of Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan oil pipeline held in Turkey.

 

2007

17 March

Azerbaijani becomes major supplier of gas to Georgia. Georgian Energy Minister Nika Gilauri declares development historical for security of Georgia.

27 March

Azerbaijani Deputy Foreign Minister and Co-Chairman of Azerbaijani-Georgian State Border Delimitation Commission Khalap Khalapov causes dissatisfaction in Tbilisi with statement that Davit Gareji Monastery is cultural heritage of Caucasian Albanians and segment of monastery within borders of Azerbaijan cannot be transferred to Georgia.

25 March

Presidents of Georgia, Azerbaijan and Turkey hold festive opening of Baku-Tbilisi-Erzurum gas pipeline in Baku.

21 November

Presidents of Georgia, Azerbaijan and Turkey open construction of Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway in village of Marabda.

 

22 January

Georgian President visits Yerevan. Mikheil Saakashvili and Serzh Sargsyan agree on easing border-crossing regime. Sargsyan notes that Armenia “can learn a lot from Georgia” in implementation of reforms and fight against corruption.

31 May

Mikheil Saakashvili and Recep Tayyip Erdoğan visit Sarpi border checkpoint and sign agreement on simplified border crossing regime between Georgia and Turkey.

10 June

Head of Holy Armenian Apostolic Church Garegin II meets in Georgia with Catholicos-Patriarch of Georgia and Georgian President. Discussions focus on status of Armenian churches in Georgia and return of six Armenian cathedrals to Armenian Church. In return, Georgian Church raises issues of transfer of historical Georgian cathedrals in Armenia and legal status of Georgian churches in Armenia. Ilia II notes in sermon following meeting that it will take time to settle issues. Patriarch says Garegin II “is young and needs more experience.”

5 July

Georgian Foreign Ministry expresses disappointment when Armenia votes against resolution initiated at session of UN General Assembly for safe return of refugees.

6 July

Armenian Church welcomes law adopted by Georgian Parliament enabling religious confessions to register as legal entities of public law.

 

2009

6 June

Armenian Prime Minister Tigran Sargsyan voices discontent that Georgia "takes advantage of its transportation monopoly.”

25 June

Georgian President Mikheil Saakashvili visits Yerevan and states that Georgian is ready to "immediately open” Zemo Larsi border checkpoint as soon as Russia reciprocates. Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan confers national prize on Georgian President.

1 September

Armenian President states that awarding Armenian status of regional language in Samtskhe-Javakheti will, among other steps, "strengthen the friendship” between Georgia and Armenia.

 

2010

1 March

Zemo Larsi border checkpoint reopens, enabling Armenia to resume road traffic with Russia.

19 July

During meeting with Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, Mikheil Saakashvili states that "Georgia and Azerbaijan should establish confederation.”

6 December

Georgian and Turkey draft agreement on restoration of historical monuments. In exchange for rehabilitation of Oshki, Khandzta, Ishkhani and Otkhta monasteries in historical Tao-Klarjeti territory in Turkey, three mosques will be restored in Georgia and historical Aziziye Mosque rebuilt in Batumi.

 

22 January

Georgian President visits Yerevan. Mikheil Saakashvili and Serzh Sargsyan agree on easing border-crossing regime. Sargsyan notes that Armenia “can learn a lot from Georgia” in implementation of reforms and fight against corruption.

31 May

Mikheil Saakashvili and Recep Tayyip Erdoğan visit Sarpi border checkpoint and sign agreement on simplified border crossing regime between Georgia and Turkey.

10 June

Head of Holy Armenian Apostolic Church Garegin II meets in Georgia with Catholicos-Patriarch of Georgia and Georgian President. Discussions focus on status of Armenian churches in Georgia and return of six Armenian cathedrals to Armenian Church. In return, Georgian Church raises issues of transfer of historical Georgian cathedrals in Armenia and legal status of Georgian churches in Armenia. Ilia II notes in sermon following meeting that it will take time to settle issues. Patriarch says Garegin II “is young and needs more experience.”

5 July

Georgian Foreign Ministry expresses disappointment when Armenia votes against resolution initiated at session of UN General Assembly for safe return of refugees.

6 July

Armenian Church welcomes law adopted by Georgian Parliament enabling religious confessions to register as legal entities of public law.

7 March

Georgian President visits Azerbaijan, delivers speech to Mejlis, and discloses agreement with Azerbaijani President Aliyev to submit joint application to host 2020 European Football Championship.

16 May

Supreme Spiritual Council of Armenian Church expresses concern about collapse of bell tower of Surb Nshan church in Tbilisi and calls on Georgian government to settle issues of ownership and rehabilitation of Armenian churches.

6 May

Azerbaijani border guard stations deny entry of pilgrims to monastery of Davit Gareji complex situated on territory of Azerbaijan,

causing uproar in Georgian society.

20 May

Representatives of political opposition stage protest march outside Azerbaijan Embassy in Tbilisi. Negotiations between border authorities of Georgia and Azerbaijan result in agreement to allow pilgrims and tourists entry to monastery from Georgia pending completion of border delimitation process when Azerbaijani border officers will no longer control that territory.

25 May

Azerbaijani Football Federation submits application to UEFA to co-host 2020 European Football Championship together with Georgia.

11 June

Azerbaijani, Georgian and Turkish Foreign Ministers sign Trabzon declaration identifying priorities of cooperation among three countries, including joint energy and transportation projects.

 

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